diagnosis of dyslexia usually begins with an awareness
by parents or teachers that a problem in reading exists.
A physician is often the first diagnostician to explore
the nature of the difficulty. The medical practitioner
should investigate the cause of the reading problem
by conducting a complete physical examination and obtaining
a comprehensive health history.
If indicated, the child
should be referred for a neurological examination. If
dyslexia is suspected, the physician should refer the
child for further evaluation and treatment by a specialist
in psychoeducational diagnosis.
Purpose fo the Diagnostic Process
The major purpose of
the diagnostic process is to isolate the specific difficulties
associated with dyslexia and to suggest appropriate
educational intervention. Usually the diagnostician
will employ a battery of assessment instruments that
explore the relationship of specific reading problems
to the intellectual, achievement, perceptual, motoric,
linguistic, and adaptive capabilities of the individual.
Based on the results, an intervention plan can be implemented
by a special educator or remedial reading teacher trained
in specialized reading techniques.
You must get an "expert" to test your
child and tell you what you already know--that he/she
has problems learning to read with conventional methods. No one remedial reading method works
for all reading disabled students. Therefore it is important
that the teacher have mastery of many different techniques. Experts don't really know how to teach dyslexics
but they hope a teacher will use many different approaches
until one that works is found.