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Micheal Anthony Hughes Foundation

Common findings in the history include, but are not limited to:

  • Family history of reading problems
  • A predominant occurrence in males (males to females 8:1)
  • An average or above average IQ and, not uncommonly, a proficiency in math
  • No enjoyment of reading as a leisure activity
  • Problems of letter and word reversal
  • Developmental history of problems in coordination and left/right dominance
  • Poor visual memory for language symobols
  • Auditory language difficulties in word finding, fluency, meaning, or sequence
  • Difficulty transferring information from what is heard to what is seen and vice versa. Specific reading problems associated with dyslexia include difficulty in pronouncing new words, difficulty distinguishing similarities and differences in words (no for on), and difficulty discriminating differences in letter sound (pin, pen). Other problems may include reversal of words and letters, disorganization of word order, poor reading comprehension, and difficulty applying what has been read to social or learning situations.